The transverse colon is the longest and most movable part of the colon. Its shape resembles an arch. On the upper surface, it is close to the liver and gall-bladder, and the greater curvature of the stomach.
The Transverse Colon is the number two in the diagram below:
In general, it is advised that people keep an eye on their stools during defecation because it can show early signs of problems. Signs like unusual poop colors, poop shape, or consistency can all be indicative or imbalances that may be going on in the body.
Since colon is one of the last points of the digestive system, the body has adapted to try to collect the last bits of nutrients from what remains of the food you once ate. As what will shortly become your stools travels through the colon, the lining of the colon absorbs much of the remaining water and some vitamins and minerals.
Dietary fiber plays a very important role in the colon. The fiber is broken down by bacteria to help extract the extra nutrients from the feces. The nutrients go to feed the digestive bacteria in the colon, and to help keep the cells along the colon healthy. Thus, if you get a good amount of dietary fiber in your diet, it can go a long way in keeping your colon healthy.