Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) - a group of disorders in which the intestines become inflamed (red and swollen) such as Crohn's disease and Ulcerative colitis, which causes inflammation in the digestive tract. The causes of IBD are unknown. Inflammatory bowel disease symptoms include
Inflammatory bowel disease is the name of a group of disorders that cause the intestines to become inflamed (red and swollen). The inflammation lasts a long time and usually comes back over and over again. More than 600,000 Americans have some kind of inflammatory bowel disease every year.
Both Ulcerative Colitis and Crohn's disease usually vary in the intensity and severity of illness. When there is severe inflammation, the disease is considered to be in an active stage, and the person experiences more severe symptoms. When the degree of inflammation is less, or absent, the disease is considered to be in remission and the person feels temporarily relieved of symptoms.
Crohn's disease usually causes ulcers (open sores) along the length of the small and large intestines. It usually either spares the rectum, or causes inflammation or infection with drainage around the rectum.
Ulcerative colitis usually causes ulcers in the lower part of the large intestine, often starting at the rectum.
Doctors may perform a number of tests:
The disease may be caused by a germs or immune system problems. It is not contagious. However, doctors observe the Inflammatory Bowel Disease does seem to run within families.
It's important to eat a healthy diet. Depending on your symptoms, your doctor may ask you to cut down on the amount of fiber or dairy products in your diet. In addition, you need to get enough rest and manage the stress in your life. When your stress levels increase, your intestinal problems can get worse.
Medical Inflammatory Bowel Disease Treatment
The goal of treatment is to get rid of the inflammation. Many types of medicine can reduce inflammation, including anti-inflammatory drugs such as sulfasalazine, corticosteroids such as prednisone, and immune system suppressors such as azathioprine and mercaptopurine. An antibiotic, such as metronidazole, may also be helpful for killing germs in the intestines, especially if you have Crohn's disease.