Salmonella is a strain of bacteria usually found in dairy products like poultry, eggs, unprocessed milk, meat, or even water. Animals like birds may be carriers of the bacteria.
If the Salmonella bacteria gets into the body via food or water, it begins to attack the stomach and intestines. If the poisoning is allowed to progress, the bacteria may enter the lymph tracts, which carry water and protein to the blood, and the blood itself.
Poisoning from Salmonella usually results in inflammation of the digestive tract, diarrhea, constipation , headaches , stomach cramps and bloating, nausea, vomiting, and bloody stools (hematochezia). Due to the diarrhea, dehydration may also be a symptom, and a dangerous one as well, since dehydration can ultimately be deadly. Most mild types of salmonella infection go away on their own in a few days, just make sure to get plenty of liquid to replenish the body's lost nutrients. Severe Salmonella infections may require treatment with antibiotics. In rare times, patients may experience Icterus or jaundice - a yellowish discolouration of the skin or eyes. This may indicate problems with the liver or the common bile ducts that carry bile from liver to the stomach.
To prevent any bacterial infection, always pay extra attention to cleanliness and wash everything very thoroughly. Also make sure the water used is also clean. Additionally, always wash your hands with soap before handling food. Make sure to cook food thoroughly. The only effective way to kill salmonella bacteria is with heat. Poultry, meat abd most eggs must always be thoroughly cooked or boiled. Eggs should be put into boiling water for five seconds before use.