TIBC - Total Iron Building Capacity

TIBC stands for Total Iron Binding Capacity. It is a blood test that shows the level of iron present in blood. In a healthy state, iron is carried in the blood attached to a protein called transferrin. The TIBC measures the effectiveness of transferrin to carry iron in the blood.

To perform the test, the blood is typically drawn from a vein by a syringe, just as any other blood collection procedure would have. In children, a sharp tool may be used to puncture the skin and make it bleed so that the blood can be gathered in a less damaging way.

In case the TIBC results show an ineffectiveness of transferrin to carry iron in blood, a few diseases or abnormalities can be suspected by healthcare professionals. If body iron is low, it can be an indicator of Iron deficiency anemia or possible pregnancy in women. Other iron-related abnormalities may be Cirrhosis, Hemolytic anemia, Hypoproteinemia, various types of inflammation in the body, liver disease, malnutrition or poor nutrition, sickle cell anemia.

Symptoms and Warning Signs

Many of the above digestive problems can be quite serious or even deadly if left untreated or undiagnosed. There are a number of symptoms that can suggest possible low blood iron. Common symptoms are persistent feeling of being tired or fatigue, nausea, thin hair or nails, easily becoming sick and generally experiencing a weakened immune system. If you feel that you may be at risk of having abnormal iron levels, you may want to discuss this condition with your healthcare professional who may recommend the TIBC test to be performed.

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